ọdịnaya

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus)

Usoro:
  • Nkeji: Basidiomycota (Basidiomycetes)
  • Nkebi: Agaricomycotina (Agaricomycetes)
  • Klas: Agaricomycetes (Agaricomycetes)
  • Klas: Agaricomycetidae (Agaricomycetes)
  • Order: Agaricles (Agaric ma ọ bụ Lamellar)
  • Ezinụlọ: Inocybaceae (Fibrous)
  • Flammulaster (Flammulaster)
  • ụdị: Flammulaster limulatus (Slanted Flammulaster)

:

  • Flammulaster ruru unyi
  • Flammula limulata
  • Dryophila limulata
  • Gymnopilus limulatus
  • Fulvidula limulata
  • Naucoria limulata
  • Flocculin limulata
  • Pheomarasmius limulatus

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus) foto na nkọwa

Aha ugbu a: Flammulaster limulatus (Fr.) Watling, 1967

Epithet Flammulaster sitere na Latin flámmula - "ọkụ" ma ọ bụ ọbụna "obere ire ọkụ" - na site na Greek ἀστήρ [astér] - "kpakpando" (n'ihi na "kpakpando-sparks" nke okpu nwere ntụpọ). N'ezie, aha kwesịrị ekwesị maka ero nke na-eji ọkụ na-egbuke egbuke na-egbuke egbuke na mgbede nke osisi ochie nke narị afọ.

Otú ọ dị, ọ bụghị ihe niile dị otú ahụ rosy. Epithet limulatus sitere na Latin līmus [i] - "apịtị, silt", na-egosi agba nke okpu. N'ihi ya aha nke abụọ nke ero: Flammulaster ruru unyi, ruru unyi.

Ya mere Flammulaster limulatus bụ aha na-emegiderịta onwe ya. Enwere ike ịtụgharị ya dị ka "ọkụ na-enwu unyi".

A na-eji aha nke abụọ, Flammulaster unyi, dị ka isi aha na ụfọdụ akwụkwọ ndekọ aha na webụsaịtị.

Nwere: site na 1,5 ruo 4,5 cm n'obosara. N'ihe nlere anya na-eto eto, ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ihe na-adịghị mma, mgbe ụfọdụ ọ na-enwe ihu gbagọrọ agbagọ na mkpuchi na-apụ n'anya ngwa ngwa. Ka ọ na-etolite, ọ na-aghọ convex, n'ikpeazụ ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ dị larịị. A na-ekpuchi elu nke okpu ahụ na nnukwu ute, granular akpịrịkpa dị na radial direction, denser na etiti diski. Agba ocher-edo edo, aja aja-edo edo, aja aja, nchara-acha ọbara ọbara. Ọnụ nke okpu ahụ dị ọkụ.

Ihe ndekọ: kama nke siri ike, na-akwado ma ọ bụ kwadoro site na obere eze nwere ọtụtụ efere.

Lemọn edo edo mgbe ọ na-eto eto, emesia edo edo edo edo ma ọ bụ odo ocher. Ka ha na-etolite, spores na-aghọ ọbara ọbara-agba aja aja na agba.

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus) foto na nkọwa

Ụkwụ: 2-6 cm elu, 0,2-0,6 cm na dayameta, cylindrical, oghere, fibrous, gbasaa ntakịrị na ntọala. kwụ ọtọ ma ọ bụ ntakịrị gbagọrọ agbagọ. Ekpuchiri ya na akpịrịkpa mmetụta ogologo oge, nke ike ya na-abawanye site n'elu ruo ala. N'ihi nke a, agba nke azuokokoosisi na-agbanwe, site na ocher-edo edo dị nso na efere na agba aja aja n'akụkụ isi nke azuokokoosisi. Enwere ike inwe ntụpọ ọcha n'ebe a na-ejikọta mkpụrụ osisi na osisi.

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus) foto na nkọwa

Spore ntụ ntụ: aja aja aja aja

Esemokwu: 7,5-10 × 3,5-4,5 µm. Akụkụ na-enweghị isi, ellipsoid (ụdị agwa), nwere mgbidi dị larịị. odo odo. Basidia 4-spore. Cheilocystidia 18-30 x 7,5-10 µm, osisi osisi - ụdị ube, septate, nke etinyere n'akụkụ ya, dabara nke ọma (ọnụ mbepụ adịghị mma). HDS sitere na hyphae encrusted (nakwa intracellular).

Pulp: okpu ahụ dị gịrịgịrị, otu agba dị ka elu. Obere hydrophobic. Na-emeghachi omume na KOH (Potassium Hydroxide) wee gbanwee ngwa ngwa na-acha odo odo.

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus) foto na nkọwa

Isi na uto: ọ bụghị ikwupụta okwu, ma ọ nwere ike ịbụ ntakịrị ilu.

Ọ na-etolite na osisi rere ure, stumps ochie, ihe mkpofu osisi na sawdust. Naanị ma ọ bụ n'ìgwè. Na-ahọrọ ụdị osisi chara acha, mana ọ nwekwara ike itolite na conifers.

Ohia ndo ochie bụ ebe kacha amasị ya.

Ọtụtụ akwụkwọ ntụaka na-akọwa "ịhụnanya" ya maka beech (Fagus sylvatica).

Flammulaster beveled juru ebe niile na Europe. Achọtara ya site na Pyrenees na ọhịa alpine ruo ndịda Lapland. Otú ọ dị, a na-ewere ya dị ụkọ.

Flammulaster limulatus bụ uhie-e depụtara na Czech Republic na udi EN - ụdị dị ize ndụ yana na Switzerland na udi VU - adịghị ike.

Ị nwere ike izute obere ero a site na August ruo October. Ọnụ ọgụgụ kasị elu nke mkpụrụ osisi bụ Septemba.

Echiche na Flamulaster gbaghaara: N'ezie ọ bụghị oriri.

Mgbe ụfọdụ, a na-enwe nkọwa na amụbeghị ihe ndị na-edozi ahụ.

Flammulaster beveled (Flammulaster limulatus) foto na nkọwa

Flammulaster šipovatyj (Flammulaster murictus)

Yana Flammulaster beveled, a na-ahụ ya n'osisi siri ike rere ure. Na okpu hemispherical yiri nke ahụ kpuchie na akpịrịkpa tụrụ atụ. Otú ọ dị, e nwere ọdịiche dị n'etiti ha. Na Flammulaster muricatus ha buru ibu ma gbaa ọchịchịrị. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, F.muricatus nwere ọnụ ọnụ. Yabụ, ọ dị ka ọkwa na-eto eto karịa Flammulaster limulatus.

Isi adịghị ahụkebe bụ ọdịiche ọzọ pụtara ìhè.

Phaeomarasmius erinaceus (Phaeomarasmius erinaceus)

Enwere ike ịhụ ero a n'osisi willow nwụrụ anwụ. A na-ekpuchi okpu ya na-acha ọbara ọbara-agba aja aja na-adịkarị, obere, nkọ, akpịrịkpa fibrous. Otú ọ dị, mgbe a nyochachara nke ọma, a na-achọpụta na okpu ahụ dị "ntutu" karịa nke Flammulaster beveled. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, Feomarasmius urchin bụ ero dị ntakịrị, ọ dịghị ihe karịrị 1 cm n'obosara.

Ihe dị iche iche nke microscopic: na Phaeomarasmius erinaceus, ihe owuwu cuticle nke lamprotricoderm bụ palisade nke a na-ebuli elu na nnukwu mgbidi, ebe na Flammulaster murictus, a na-emepụta cuticle site na globular, fụrụ akpụ ma ọ bụ mkpụmkpụ-cylindrical hyphae, karịa ma ọ bụ obere catenate.

Isiokwu a na-eji foto Sergei na Alexander.

Nkume a-aza